In 2010, an innovative technology began assisting with the assessment of existing forest conditions as well as establishing a viable approach to long-term monitoring to support the management of natural forests in Indonesia. With the ability to rapidly collect highly accurate three-dimensional information of the forest from aircraft flying at three-quarters of a kilometer above the tree tops and traveling at nearly 200 km per hour, the laser technology known as LiDAR is likely to make a significant impact in overcoming the challenges faced by government agencies, commercial forest managers, and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) as they move to support reducing emissions from deforestation and degradation, or REDD+ initiatives.
Cicada Design Inc. recently won a 3D Award for Territory Management at the imagina conference in Monaco in the Urbanism and Landscape section. Their work for the Mount Pleasant Secondary Plan located near Toronto, Canada included restoration of a natural heritage system for the area including woodlands, wetlands, watercourses and valleys. This effort included a high level of advanced 3D city urban modeling and visualization.
Over the past decade, green building has gone from the fringe to the mainstream of the building industry. In many communities, buildings have "gone green" by adopting strategies such as integrative design, energy modeling, commissioning, enhanced energy efficiency, renewable materials, attention to daylight and views, water conservation measures, and on-site renewable energy generation. Use of these green building strategies in new and existing buildings can dramatically reduce energy consumption, greenhouse gas emissions, and water use while creating more comfortable and satisfying indoor environments. The green building movement seeks to sustain and accelerate these trends with the goal of driving permanent shifts in practices to benefit people and the environment.
Geological information is useful for many purposes in the mining industry and environmental monitoring - improvement programs. Technological innovation is now providing 3D and 4D geodata useful for visualisation. GeoVisionary, a visualisation 3D stereographic software produced by the British Geological Survey (BGS) and Virtalis company incorporates spatial data for geological mapping projects.
We can easily imagine the whole picture, if a particular problem is sketched on a sheet of paper, or when the observed area is illustrated with a painting, in conjunction with understandable symbols. A map is therefore a visual representation of particular portion of space by means of symbolic delineation of properties and relations between the mapped elements, in our case in a geographic space.