This feature originally appeared in the inaugural issue of Apogeo Spatial magazine (formerly Imaging Notes).
According to a recent United Nations report, stresses on water supplies aggravated by climate change are likely to cause more conflicts, and water should be considered as vital to national security as defense. The report points out that 145 countries share watersheds with neighbors and there are more than 300 transboundary aquifers from which groundwater can be extracted.
In my work supporting disaster response operations, I have often heard practitioners say, “Where can we quickly get detailed and up-to-date map from?” Chris Hepp, by profession a medical doctor, faced the same issue when deployed on humanitarian and peacekeeping missions with international organizations to Albania, the Kosovo, Rwanda and Haiti. He recognized the value that visual spatial information can add to disaster response and recovery, and he decided to do something about it. Hepp founded Aerial Photos in Disasters Emergencies and Recovery (APDER), a small NGO based in Barcelona, Spain, with the aim to support coordination and planning processes with visual spatial information before, during and after disasters.
Every year, several hundred million hectares of forest, grasslands, and other types of vegetation burn throughout the world, and this amount is set to increase due to climate change. Wildfires pose a challenge for ecosystem management because they can be both harmful—threatening human life, property, economic activity and contributing to climate change—and beneficial—by regulating plant succession and fuel accumulation, affecting populations of insects and diseases, influencing nutrient cycles, and in many other ways we still struggle to understand.
Organizations responsible for environmental monitoring, especially when it comes to ‘smart development’ in environmentally sensitive areas, are increasingly using the right geospatial data, tools and processes to ensure minimal impact.
The sciences, technologies, and practices of remote sensing and of geographic information systems (GIS) arose separately, developed in parallel, intersected, and are now inextricably linked. Nearly all the features in most GIS are collected by means of satellite imagery or aerial photogrammetry, and GIS is the application where this imagery is most commonly visualized. “All the foundation elements of GIS come from remote sensing: cultural features, roads, buildings, water features, topography, terrain, soils, slopes, geology, and many more,” points out Lawrie Jordan, Director of Imagery at Esri.
|Tue Jun 18|
Canada - CoastGIS 2013 Conference: Monitoring and Adapting to Change on the Coast
|Tue Jun 18|
Germany - Munich Satellite Navigation Summit
|Sun Jun 23|
Italy - INSPIRE 2013: The Green Renaissance
|Sun Jun 23|
Italy - International Workshop at the Crossroad of Earth Information, Technology and Social Sciences
|Tue Jun 25|
Austria - RIEGL LIDAR 2013 International User Conference
|Wed Jun 26|
Portugal - 10th International Conference on Image Analysis and Recognition